ETF

University of Banja Luka
Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Local Committee for Organizing PhD Seminar, Banjaluka 2006

Computational Electromagnetics and Technical Applications
Tu-Ilmenau Stabilitatspakt

Nikola Tesla

DAAD

150 years of Nikola Tesla
(1856–1943)

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BANJA LUKA, city in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina, is capital of Republic of Srpska. It is the biggest town, economical and cultural centre of the Republic of Srpska and the second biggest town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Before the war, the area of Banjaluka, which covers 1239 square kilometers, had population of 195000. Today, the population has reached 237000.

History

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Archaeological localities bearing witness of the ancient inhabitants of the Vrbas river region have been discovered in the broader region of the town. Furthermore, it was on February 6, 1494 that the current name of the town was originally referred to. Around the year of 1580, during the period of the Turkish occupation, Ferhad Sokolovic, pasha, commenced building the old part of the town in the spot perfect for a town to be developed where Crkvena flows into the Vrbas river. The town was devastated several times during the wars between the Turks and Austrians, and its inhabitants killed or sent into exile. The year of 1737 was particularly crucial for the town since it was then that the battle for the fortress of Kastel that turned out to be severely detrimental for both war sides was fought. It was usually after suchlike raids made by Austrians that the period of different kinds of pestilence would have come forth, out of which the plague was the most horrible one. The one from the 1813- 1816 period was horrible in particular since it simply ravaged the town population. With Bosnia-Herzegovina administratively divided into the governmental units of vice vizier in 1851, Banja Luka became a regional administration center. The town had 1126 houses as its disposal at the time, 103 out of which were in the parts with the Serbian majority. On the basis of the census executed in 1851 the population of the administrative unit of Banja Luka numbered 152752, 69266 out of whom were the Orthodox, 48752 Muslims, and 34633 the Catholics.

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Banja Luka was occupied by Austro-Hungary in1878 and connected by roads to the towns of Prijedor, Kotor-Varoš and Jajce, along with several railway lines through woodlands that were used for the transportation of the immense wood potential. Brisk trading between the towns of Vienna, Trieste, Prague, Pest and Banja Luka made a great contribution to the financial situation of its executors, offering some new perspectives. The most important events for the development of the town in the Austro-Hungarian period, which was marked by the work of Petar Kocic, a great Serbian writer, were the opening of a big grammar school in 1895 in the field of culture and education, and the construction of the Tobacco factory and «Bosna Holz», a lumber processing enterprise in the field of economy. Besides, the coal mine of Lauš, was being developed to a certain degree as well.

During the short period of the reign of Svetislav Tisa Milosavljevic, ban, from 1930-1933, some important monumental facilities were erected: the administration building, Banski dvor the residance of ban, Sokolski dom, the Hygienics Institution and the Mortgage House.
The air forces of the German army bombarded the town on April 9, 1941, which was repeated by the Allies in 1944, resulting in even severer destruction.
The disastrous earthquake that struck the town in 1969 was the gravest calamity in the postwar period. The first one of 7,5 degrees of the Mercalli scale struck the town on October 26 followed by the next one of 8,5 degrees of Mercalli scale the following morning. The horrible effect was that 19 people were killed and 1000 were injured. Even thogh the development of the town did not take its regular and natural course, the postwar Banja Luka became very important centre of economy, healthcare, culture and sports that one million people gravitated to.
Apart from its road and rail connections to the rest of the continent, Banja Luka has been included in air travel after the construction of the airport.

Youth

Banjaluka is the youth centre of Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina. All through the year it is filled with young people who organize their lives through different youth and students' organizations and associations. Some of them are KSET (Club of Students of Electrical Engineering), INDEX (Club of Students of Banjaluka), Student Photo Club CEDUBAL, KIC (Culture-Informative Center), etc. These associations usually organize different exhibitions, parties and concerts that are very often during the summer period. In the summer of 2003, Students association of University of Banjaluka established music festival “Access”, which gathered many artists from former Yugoslavia and other european countries.

Culture

banjaluka_image1 Banjaluka is also well known as the centre of culture, with the Musem Republic of Srpska, the National Theater Republic of Srpska, the Public and University Library Republic of Srpska, the Community center (the Cultural Center of Banski dvor, as titled today), the Archives, the Institution for the protection of the monuments of culture, the Children's Theater Republic of Srpska and the Museum of Modern Art Republic of Srpska. The University of Banjaluka is established in 1975. During the summer period, festival "Banjalucke ljetne igre”, that takes place mainly in old fortress Kastel, attracts a lot of tourists and gives its inhabitants an excellent contents for the summer vacation. Banjaluka has 5 local TV and 14 local radio stations.

Sport

As a town of young people, Banja Luka is an important centre of sport whose handballers, boxers and other sportsmen and sportswomen used to win medals in European championships and the Olympic games. In year 2005, Banja Luka was host of European rafting championship.

You can find more information about the city at its official site: http://www.banjaluka.rs.ba

 

Banja Luka

 

 

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